Tuesday, November 13, 2007


There are numerous types of oxygen masks in use that vary in design detail. It would be impractical to discuss all of the types in this handbook. It is important that the masks used be compatible with the particular oxygen system involved. Crew masks are fitted to the user's face with a minimum of leakage. Crew masks usually contain a microphone. Most masks are the orinasal type, which covers only the mouth and nose.

Passenger masks may be simple, cup-shaped rubber moldings sufficiently flexible to obviate individual fitting. They may have a simple elastic head strap or the passenger may hold them to the face.

All oxygen masks should be kept clean. This reduces the danger of infection and prolongs the life of the mask. To clean the mask, wash it with a mild soap and water solution and rinse it with clear water. If a microphone is installed, use a clean swab, instead of running water, to wipe off the soapy solution. The mask should also be disinfected. A gauze pad that has been soaked in a water solution of Merthiolate can be used to swab out the mask. This solution should contain one-fifth teaspoon of Merthiolate per quart of water.  Wipe the mask with a clean cloth and air dry.

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