Sunday, March 16, 2008

ORIGINS OF ADM -Aeronautical Decision Making- TRAINING

The airlines developed some of the first training programs that focused on improving aeronautical decision making. Human factors-related accidents motivated the airline industry to implement crew resource management (CRM) training for flight crews. The focus of CRM -crew resource management- programs is the effective use of all available resources; human resources, hardware, and information. Human resources include all groups routinely working with the cockpit crew (or pilot) who are involved in decisions that are required to operate a flight safely. These groups include, but are not limited to: dispatchers, cabin crewmembers, maintenance personnel, and air traffic controllers. Although the crew resource management -CRM- concept originated as airlines developed ways of facilitating crew cooperation to improve decision making in the cockpit, CRM -crew resource management- principles, such as workload management, situational awareness, communication, the leadership role of the captain, and crewmember coordination have direct application to the general aviation cockpit. This also includes single pilot operations since pilots of small airplanes, as well as crews of larger airplanes, must make effective use of all available resources—human resources, hardware, and information. AC 60-22, Aeronautical Decision-Making, provides background references, definitions, and other pertinent information about ADM - Aeronautical Decision Making- training in the general aviation environment.

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